Meukek District

Sustainable Livelihoods for Communities and Prevention of Biodiversity Loss


Meukek District, Aceh

Project Operator

BITRA Indonesia Foundation

Total Area

13,594 ha

Certification in Progress
Jambo Papeun Village Forest (Hutan Desa) is a buffer zone for Gunung Leuser National Park (GLNP), also called the Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser (KEL). The diversity of ecosystems makes this area as one of the most significant protected areas for flora and fauna in Sumatra.  The area plays an important function as a wildlife corridor, especially as the animals in GLNP also exist in HD Jambo Papeun.  

Project background

Forest fires, shifting cultivation and expansion of commercial plantation areas pose serious risks to the habitats of critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species. The east area bordering the national park experienced massive deforestation between 2001 and 2021. The current land cover at the project site consists of primary and secondary dry land forest, shrubs, and open land. Based on KLHK data, degradation and deforestation in the last 10 years at the district level of South Aceh is 2,042.28 ha or around 0.42% while at the village forest level it is 5.91 ha or around 0.04%.  

With current land use practices, including the clearing of forests for small-scale agriculture and the threat of poaching, it is likely that without the project these species will continue to be threatened and populations decline, and human-wildlife conflict will continue.   

Location & total area

BITRA project provides Rimba Collective a claimable area of 13,594 hectares located in one village forest in South Aceh.   

The Village Forest (Hutan Desa) is a buffer zone for Gunung Leuser National Park which is designated as the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (TRHS) by UNESCO, and holds the greatest potential for long-term conservation of the distinctive and diverse biota of Sumatra, including many endangered species.    

The village forests suffer deforestation threats due to forest land fire, unsustainable agriculture, and animal hunting, while the main threats to the area are illegal logging and human-animal conflict.  

What is special about this project

One of the main benefits of the project is protecting the Sumatran tigers which is a Critically Endangered Species and reducing the human-wildlife conflict by collaboration with the community, local government, and other organizations.  

As a buffer zone of Leuser National Park, the deforestation rate of the area is low, however, this project will bring a high potential Biodiversity benefit for Rimba Collective portfolio. The project will put more focus on Biodiversity aspects and could potentially deliver Biodiversity credits in the future.  

How we add value to this project

The Rimba Collective is working with BITRA Indonesia through a community-based forest management approach to preserve and restore the forest. The project aims to provide effective forest management, forest protection, support for restoration and conservation, biodiversity monitoring, and support for sustainable livelihoods. In addition to the livelihood development of the community, the project will support activities related to education, and women empowerment for the local community. The project will bring high potential Biodiversity benefits for Rimba Collective, and could potentially deliver Biodiversity credits in the future.


  • BITRA Indonesia Foundation

    BITRA Indonesia, formally known as the Indonesian Rural Skills Development Foundation (YABITRAPI)'s history is rooted in its commitment to assisting underprivileged and marginalised populations in rural areas. Founded by five young individuals—Soekirman, Wahyudhi, Sabirin, Swaldi, and Listiani—BITRA Indonesia embarked on its journey of rural human resource development activities in North Sumatra in 1986. Originally established as a "paguyuban" (an association without a legal entity), BITRA Indonesia later transformed and officially registered itself as a Foundation in 1992. Furthermore, in 2019, BITRA Indonesia received official recognition through the Decree of the Minister of Law and Human Rights of the Republic of Indonesia. BITRA Indonesia's status as a social, non-profit institution aligns it with the international categorization of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), reflecting its dedication to serving the needs of rural communities and marginalised individuals in Indonesia.

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